Moderator: Nadeem Karimbux
Program Track: Treatment of Inflammatory Periodontal Diseases
This presentation will review the differential diagnosis, etiology and surgical technique for treating the “gummy smile” in adolescent orthodontic patients, as well as in adult interdisciplinary patients. Evidence will be given for the appropriateness of surgical crown lengthening in the adolescent, and for the role of osseous surgery to achieve predictable and stable tooth exposure.
• List the differential diagnosis for excessive gingival display.
• State the appropriate age for esthetic crown lengthening surgery.
• Describe the post-surgical relationship of crestal bone level and gingival level.